Cotton, a widely traded commodity, stands as a crucial material in the textile industry, serving as a primary component in the production of fabrics used for clothing, home textiles, and various industrial applications.
The major cotton-producing countries, led by China, India, the United States, and Pakistan, play a significant role in the global cotton market. These nations benefit from favorable climate conditions and possess extensive cotton farming infrastructure, enabling them to support large-scale cotton cultivation.
Cotton cultivation is heavily influenced by a range of factors, including climate conditions, water availability, and pest management. Ideal cotton growth requires adequate sunlight, warmth, and an appropriate water supply. Changes in weather patterns, such as droughts or floods, can disrupt cotton yields, leading to fluctuations in global supply and impacting cotton prices.