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Contract Farming and Environmental Protection: Evidence from Ghana

Mar 27th, 2022 • by S. Gustafson

Over the past three decades, contract farming has grown in popularity with policymakers and development practitioners throughout low- and middle-income countries. Under contract farming schemes, farmers and buyers enter into preharvest agreements regarding the production and sale of agricultural goods. Farmers are thus assured they will have a buyer for their product, and traders and retailers are guaranteed a supply of saleable goods.

Estimating smallholder maize yields in Ethiopia with satellites and machine learning

Mar 25th, 2022 • by ZHE GUO AND BILLY BABIS

Accurate and precise monitoring of agricultural output in developing countries is a crucial tool for the proper allocation of public funds and services, in addressing poverty, and in sustainably increasing yields to feed growing populations. But accurate crop yield estimation is particularly challenging in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where heterogeneous smallholder farms predominate, making data collection expensive and often subject to systemic bias.

The Russia-Ukraine crisis poses a serious food security threat for Egypt

Mar 15th, 2022 • by KIBROM ABAY, LINA ABDELFATTAH, CLEMENS BREISINGER, JOSEPH GLAUBER AND DAVID LABORDE

Russia's invasion of Ukraine has imperiled global food security—creating suffering within Ukraine and displacing millions, while disrupting agricultural production and trade from one of the world's major exporting regions. The latter threatens to drive rising food prices still higher and create scarcity, especially for regions most dependent on exports from Russia and Ukraine—particularly the Middle East and North Africa.

How will Russia’s invasion of Ukraine affect global food security?

Feb 25th, 2022 • by Joseph Glauber and David Laborde

The unfolding crisis in Ukraine has roiled commodity markets and threatens global food security. Ongoing fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors have already driven up food prices. Poor harvests in South America, strong global demand, and supply chain issues have reduced grain and oilseed inventories and driven prices to their highest levels since 2011-2013.

The Link Between Non-Farm Labor and Market Participation: Evidence from Ghana

Feb 21st, 2022 • by S. Gustafson

In developing countries, rural non-farm labor is rapidly catching up with agriculture in socioeconomic importance. By engaging in non-farm labor—activities like handicrafts, small-scale manufacturing, construction, mining, quarrying, repair, transport, and petty trading—farmers can earn additional income outside of their farms. This income can in turn can be invested in household food security and in productivity-enhancing agricultural inputs. A study in Ghana published in Food Security also finds that participation in non-farm labor can also lead to greater participation in crop markets.