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Several African countries are currently experiencing acute or worsening food insecurity, according to FEWS Net.
Most of Malawi’s 4 million households still rely primarily on rainfed crop production with limited use of agricultural inputs for their food needs. But subsistence farming is failing to meet the dietary requirements of all Malawians: In recent years, several hundred thousand households annually have faced acute food insecurity. Insufficient harvests have resulted from either too little or too much rainfall and from limited use of inputs, while landholdings shrink as the population grows. Yet the country’s policy approach to food security continues to center on subsistence production.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Senegal declared a state of emergency on March 23, 2020, followed by a range of policy measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus: Transport was significantly restricted, wet markets were closed, and shops were required to limit their hours. These moves disrupted food supply chains, in particular those of highly perishable products such as fresh fruits and vegetables (FFV).
Policy-induced market distortions along agricultural value chains: Evidence from Ethiopia and Nigeria
This post originally appeared on IFPRI.org
This blog was originally posted on IFPRI.org. It was written by Swati Malhotra and Rob Vos from IFPRI’s Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division.