COVID-19 Food Trade Policy Tracker
Who we are
Laborde, David, Abdullah Mamun, and Marie Parent. 2020. COVID-19 Food Trade Policy Tracker [dataset]. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
During the current COVID-19 crisis, some national governments have moved to restrict food exports. This behavior can, in aggregate, have dire unintended consequences for vulnerable people in food-importing countries, increasing prices and exacerbating issues of food insecurity already inflamed by the COVID-19 pandemic. It may also negatively affect producers in the export-restricting countries. Similar trade policies contributed to the 2007-2008 food price crisis; may history not repeat itself.
Since March 2020, IFPRI has been tracking food export restrictions and documenting their impact. As of 28 April 2020, 15 countries have placed active binding export restrictions on food. These policies are shown in the Map of Food Export Restrictions below.
Below, you can see the impact of these restrictions around the world, as a percentage of each country’s imported calories that are impacted by export restrictions. For example, Kyrgyzstan gets most of its imported calories from wheat and wheat flour imports, and it imports almost all of these goods from Kazakhstan. However, Kazakhstan has banned the export of wheat and wheat flour in the current COVID-19 environment. As a result, 50 percent of Kyrgyzstan’s imported calories have been affected by export restrictions, largely due to Kazakhstan’s wheat export ban.
The COVID-19 Food Trade Policy Tracker provides daily updated information on export restrictions affecting international food trade. Our export restriction data comes from a variety of sources, originating primarily from news articles that are then verified with official government sources. We supplement with other data sets to create impact indicators for the export restrictions. We have also constructed a data set from the 2007-2008 world food price crisis for comparison.
To learn more about the tracker data, please see our working paper. As the project evolves, we will update the working paper, so please check back for the latest version.
The COVID-19 Food Trade Policy Tracker is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.