climate change

Interconnections in Sustainable Food Systems, Food Security, and Policies

By Obayelu Abiodun Elijah and Obayelu Oluwakemi Adeola

2020 State of Food Security and Nutrition Report

Hunger continues to be on the rise in Africa south of the Sahara, according to the 2020 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) Report, released in mid-July.

Conflict, weather drive acute hunger

An estimated 73 million people in Africa faced acute levels of hunger and food insecurity in 2019, according to the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises, released this week. The continent accounted for 54 percent of the global total of severely food-insecure people. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread around the world, developing countries in the region will likely see even further disruptions to food access. These disruptions will compound existing food crises and potentially create new ones.

Climate change best practices

Climate change presents both unique challenges and unique opportunities for global agriculture and food security, particularly in developing countries.

Agriculture interacts with climate change in a number of ways. Changes in the climate can drive more frequent extreme weather events and unpredictable growing seasons, thus increasing the challenges farmers face in producing enough food to sustain the world’s growing population. At the same time, agriculture itself is a large contributor to the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) that cause climate change.

Increasing resilience to climate shocks

This post originally appeared on IFPRI.org.

By Claudia Ringler and Turhan Saleh 

Extreme weather events and other climate change-linked disasters have devastated communities globally: Be it cyclones along the coast of Southern Africa, flooding in parts of Canada, drought-induced wildfires in California, or the recent El Niño (ENSO) induced drought in Eastern and Southern Africa that affected 60 million people.

Direct Seed Marketing in Ethiopia

By: Swati Malhotra, IFPRI

Value chains for improved nutrition

Populations around the world continue to struggle with malnutrition – both undernourishment and overweight/obesity – and climate change may exacerbate the problem. In addition to reducing overall agricultural yields, higher temperatures and erratic precipitation could increase spoilage of nutritious and perishable foods like fruits and vegetables.

Investing in rainfall research in the Sahel

This post originally appeared on the IFPRI-WCAO blog

The prolonged heatwave of summer 2018 has devastated crops across Europe, leaving some countries facing their worst harvests since the end of World War II.

Incentives for conservation agriculture adoption

This post originally appeared on the IFPRI.org blog.

B Andrew Reid Bell, Patrick Ward, Lawrence Mapemba, Tim Benton, Klaus Droppelmann, Jennifer Zavaleta Cheek, Frazer Mataya, and Oliver Pierson

Climate Change Adaptation

As climate change continues to bring more frequent weather shocks, such as drought and flooding, and make rainfall patterns more erratic, smallholder farmers in developing regions like Africa south of the Sahara are often hardest hit. A new e-book from IRIN reports that mean temperatures in the region are expected to rise faster than the global average, leading to reduced agricultural yields and increased poverty and food insecurity.

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