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2. What do countries need to enable them to effectively adopt and use FSI tools to set national priorities?

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2. What do countries need to enable them to effectively adopt and use FSI tools to set national priorities?

Specific roadblocks to FSI collection and use can include a lack of sufficient funding, and a lack of cooperation and information-sharing among different government ministries and levels of government.  In comments on this question regarding the specific needs, please note the country or countries to which you are referring.

Funding and cooperation

One of the biggest constraints to adoption and use of FSI tools is undoubtedly a lack of consistent and marked funding to collect this data routinely.  However, as technology makes data collection easier, it is equally important to increase capacity and cooperation so that data can be efficiently used and efforts not replicated.  It will be interesting to have the perspective of local experts on particular limitations on funding as well as cooperation.

Funding and cooperation

I agree with this observation. Collection of nationally-representative data, such as household food consumption, is an expensive exercise. In addition, this kind of data would need to be collected often to enable analysis of trends. Many countries in SSA have a myriad of challenges that they would prioritise interms of resources. So support in funding is needed and this isone area that development partners can support more. In terms of cooperation, we are seeing improvement in formation of multistakeholder platforms and networks which is a good thing. But capacity building will definitely be needed to ensure collected data is of high quality 

S. Tokgoz
Cooperation with IOs

One great example to highlight the importance of cooperation is what MAFAP-FAO has done for collection and analysis of data in African countries in collaboration with local experts. They have focused on 13 countries for selected crops and provide indicators of nominal rates of protection based on this data effort. This exercise is an excellent example of collaboration between international institutions and local analysts on an ongoing basis, and how it can be used for policy analysis as well. See <> for more details.    

IFPRI is also in collaboration with MAFAP-FAO through Ag-Incentives Consortium <>. This is an international organization consortium for measuring the policy environment for agriculture, including OECD, FAO-MAFAP, IDB, IFPRI, World Bank and CGIAR PIM.

Including international organizations in data collection, and most importantly data analysis would also help increase data quality, and identify data gaps. 

Mohamed Ag Bendech
Effective adoption and use FSI tools

In the 21st century, new strategies and approaches are needed to reduce food losses and waste because of the rapidly changing nature of agri-food systems and the need to address a variety of inter-related drivers such as: Global market integration; Increasing influence of the private sector;  Urbanization and ‘Lengthening’ of food supply chains which must now cover increasing distances from rural to urban centres and accommodate an increasing number of actors engaged in logistical and value adding activities. 

In view of these changes, intervention strategies at country level need to focus on systematic improvements to the efficiency and sustainability of the entire supply chain rather than the single point interventions of the past.  Critically, there must be clear roles for both the public and private sectors.  Governments cannot by themselves reduce losses; their role is to provide the enabling environment, policies and institutional and regulatory frameworks that will enable private sector actors to develop modern, efficient food supply chains with minimal losses and maximum benefits for all value chain actors. 


Mohamed Ag Bendech
Effective adoption and use FSI tools

As an illustrative approach, the most challenges on food loss and waste as part food systems are :Much of the post-harvest loss data used for policy making is outdated and not evidenced based. There is thus a need to collect sound, replicable data which can be used to inform policy and also to measure progress. Much of the data collected in the past has been quantitative. Yet we know that qualitative losses are just as, if not more, important than quantitative ones. Poor quality grain will fetch a lower market price, resulting in economic loss. Grain contaminated with aflatoxin poses a public food safety and health hazard. Poorly stored or processed fruits and vegetables will result in nutritional loss. Yet, none of these factors are captured in purely quantitative loss assessments. More flexible methods for estimating losses are required that capture economic, nutritional and food safety losses, but without significantly increasing the research budget.
The private sector has not been fully engaged in the fight against food losses. It is critically important that strategies to reduce food losses take a holistic value chain approach and engage with all stakeholders. The private sector is best placed to make the necessary investments and provide technical expertise and economic incentives to reduce losses. Government should create the enabling environment and provide oversight, especially to ensure equitable participation of smallholder farmers and other weaker actors. FAO has been at the forefront of efforts to reduce food losses through the Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction (SAVE FOOD).


First things first!

The most important step is to decide on a minimum agreed set of indicators are that will track and report on progress towards national goals.


How would this follow from Malabo and how would it expand on those? What further is needed and at what level?  

Mohamed Ag Bendech

There is the need to go beyond the current mechanisms of reporting and accountability putting in place by NEPAD and African Union commission. The ECOWAS model in supporting countries to develop the second generation of NAIP could be documented and expanded in other RECs. This model privilegied the country ownership of the generic guidelines and partnership and inclusive technical assistance to countries with clear division of labour between sub-regional partners.

technical capacities

Important to have technical capacities and ONE adopted plan for FSI

Mohamed Ag Bendech
Technical Capacities

One of the way to increase the capacity is to create Community of Practice group on specific topics .  you can find here the link to FAO's Community of Practice on reduction of food losses and waste:

Plan for FSI

What are your recommendations for arriving at a unified plan and supporting capacities?  

Take the lead from SDGs and Malabo

Currently countries are negotiating theri SDG M&E frameworks and can draw on these indicators as a start to negotiating country indicator sets. Each SDG contains food secuirty related indicators. Although only one food secuirty indiactor per se is included in this set. Lawrence Haddad and the Global Nutriuion Report count 12 out of 17 SDG indicators sets include nutrition-related indicators. Of course there will be overlap with some food secuirty and nutirion indicators.

CAADP/Malabo indicator sets

The CAADP Results framework is also a good starting point for agreeing on a common set of indicators.

CAADP Results Framework

The Results Framework is a good starting point.  However, even with these agreements in place, many countries still face challenges in actually implementing the framework.

S. Gustafson
CAADP Framework

Following on the comments on the CAADP Framework, are there any recommendations for what countries need to better implement the framework? 

Mohamed Ag Bendech
Response to CAADP framework

All countries need to iplement the CAADP framework particularly its M&E but some are more advanced than others. In ECOWAS, the approaches are more systematised and harmonized.

Demba's picture
Country disparities not helping in regional balancing

Countries that mostly need FSI strategy are the ones that aren't showing full interest in implementing one... For example in Niger and Burkina Faso to name a few, detailled Agricultural projects expenditure review can tell you have communication pertaining to FSI is the least of their concerns in many regards... It'd take major awareness raising to demonstrate to such stakeholders, how information and communication are critical to sound FSI infrastructures for better decisionmaking... How can a project perform well without benchmark and periodic review in the context of stakeholders engagement?... The FAO is joining to pitch in and with huge assets in com4dev they are likely going to adjust the imbalances... crossing fingers on that!

Demba's picture
WAAPP is a good example of a One-stop-hub in the making

As curently being tried out, even in any of these 13 countries where WAAPP is being undertaken, inter-institutional communication is yet a rarity... recent experiments have evidenced cases of lack of coordination within same research institutions when all that was needed is to facilitate cross departments' communication, whether through periodic workshops or throughout an intranet solution, which in the cas of Mali was my favored recommendation. You can definitley see momentum building as resource persons and staekholders start networking and sharing BECAUSE not only its the thing to do, but the infrastructure is ready to ease the exchange...

Therefore it's absolutely necesary to feature and showcase communication interfaces wherever needed to demonstrate added value over time once key actors are involved and informed over expectations...

FSI has better days in WAAPP and can inspire other countries beyond in goal setting and data collection/sharing protocols..

Climate Smart Agriculture - Bad news for you, coming from Europe

Dear all, 

I'm a youth trainer based in Brussels, working a lot with the EU institutions and I've been coaching some youth organisations @COP22.

What youth taught the world @COP22: #ClimateFinance4Youth: 100% for Adults, 0% for Youth. Adults say it is OUR Future, then where the heck is OUR money so we can build out stable youth organisations that can play a role in non-formal education so youth can fulfil their role as vectors of change in society?!

One of the key drivers of the action was the Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network - CSAYN.  They just linked up with their European peers who came back with a conclusion from the EU Commmission's portal for Youth & Agriculture/Youth Farmers.  


  1. The European Commission's portal for Young Agriculturers:
    1. Ordered an Analysis EU pilot project: Exchange programmes for young farmers - final-report-1_en.pdf - Summaries of the important chapters
      1. Conclusion:
        1. Climate change is not a recognized issue
        2. Africans, Asians, Latin Americans, Small Islands: happy dying from climate change. Young farmers mind their own business and don't care about y'all.
        3. Western Young farmers don't care about exchanges. Eastern European are more interested if it is with similar farms, similar conditions.
        4. Most youth farmers are not interested in other cultures.
        5. If you want to catch up with young farmers, you have to catch up with them in the 1-2 years between when they're in the agri-school and not yet fully employed at their families farm.
        6. Conclusions for CSAYN: You're going to die from Climate Change, you're going to have to slam hard on the table for money to climate smart your farms, pay for adaptive measures like strong roads, bridges, local energy production, greenhouses, etc. because the EU young agriculturers don't have time and don't bother about you, all they care about is their own money.  Suck it up! Wake up! Maybe the increasing dropping of water tables here in the West, heavy storms, will slowly wake up young farmers and lead to some solidarity with african & co young farmers that are not yet dead completely and have their representative organisations issue joint statements for Climate Finance 4 Agriculturers / Youth.

What now?

Not feeling that great in Brussels right now.

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